Have we ever felt that we were not satisfied with our own bodies? Either feel too much fat in the stomach, nose that is less sharp, less high and the like. In fact, that feeling of dissatisfaction often drives us to hate ourselves!
Well, if that’s the case, you might experience body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)! The main characteristic is that we always feel unsatisfied with our own bodies and are too anxious about our body’s deficiencies. What is BDD like?
1. Always feel unsatisfied with your own body
It is natural to feel dislike of some parts of our body. However, sufferers of body dysmorphic disorder cannot control negative thoughts on their bodies. In the extreme category, they think of these flaws all the time and affect their personal and social life, you know!
Sometimes, sufferers of body dysmorphic disorder feel a crisis of confidence in their body and isolate themselves from the outside world. In fact, they could distance themselves from family and closest friends.
2. Experienced 1 in 50 people in the world
Laman Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA) states that body dysmorphic disorder is experienced by 1.7 percent to 2.4 percent of the total human population, or about 1 in 50 people. At most, BDD is experienced by teenagers and early adults.
Meanwhile, the American Psychiatric Association revealed that body dysmorphic disorder can be experienced by women and men with a not much different percentage. In the United States, BDD is experienced by 2.5 percent of men and 2.2 percent of women. Mostly, BDD began to appear at the age of 12-13 years.
3. What are the causes of body dysmorphic disorder?
So, what causes body dysmorphic disorder to appear? The Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA) states that biological factors and environmental factors influence each other. Genetically, biological factors such as serotonin dysfunction in the brain and a history of BDD sufferers in the family can contribute to the emergence of body dysmorphic disorder.
Environmental factors also contribute, such as the presence of childhood trauma, a history of abuse and violence, the influence of peer groups, to the pressure of body image from the mass media.
4. Differences in body dysmorphic disorder in women and men
Dissatisfaction with physical questions for women and men is not the same. Based on research published by the US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, of 156 students consisting of 57.1 percent women and 42.9 percent men, women tended to feel anxious about obesity (40.4 percent), skin problems (24.7 percent) and tooth shape (18 percent).
Meanwhile, in men, tend to be anxious about hair problems (hair loss) (34.3 percent), obesity (32.8 percent), skin problems (14.9 percent) and nose shape (14.9 percent). This study took samples from students in Pakistan. In addition, other studies suggest that women tend to be anxious about weight and male problems with muscles.
5. Dissatisfaction with the body is released in various ways
How do people with body dysmorphic disorder vent their dissatisfaction with their bodies? This can be characterized by several characteristics, such as often comparing yourself with others, avoiding seeing shadows in the mirror, excessive care and workout, to camouflage with clothes and make-up.
All methods are taken so that they feel better. Chasing the ideal body and face shape is their dream, in order to get the best appearance and be socially accepted. In fact, loving yourself is better, right?